This is the MLA citation handout that we went over in class.
(1) Each of the following sentences makes at least one error (often more than one) in MLA citation format or usage. Correct all the errors in each example.
- A major reason families succeeded in the 1950s was that “federal assistance programs were much more generous and widespread than they are today.” (Coontz, p. 62).
- Stephanie Coontz argues that it was the generosity and availability of federal aid programs that made families seem so successful and reliable in the 1950s.
- Even politically conservative scholars admit that we “should not hide from students that Colombus and other European explorers were often brutal” (Cheney, 267.)
- Lynne Cheney is forced to admit that students should learn that even European explorers were “often brutal (Cheney 267).”
- Lynne Cheney concedes that students must be told the errors of our European past (p. 267).
(2) Convert this improperly formatted Works Cited List into proper MLA style. All the necessary citation information for entry is provided, but in scrambled order and with additional unnecessary language you’ll need to delete. The goal of this exercise is to get you familiar with using your handbook and web-based citation resources, of which you will be totally dependent on.
- A book by Edward Abbey called Desert Solitaire that was published in 1998 by Ballantine Books of New York.
- An article from the Minneapolis Star-Tribune, January 17, 1998 issue titled, “Michael Jordan isn’t Ghandi.” The writer is James Doohan. The article is in the C section on page 2.
- “The Land Ethic,” an essay written by Sigurd Olson, from an edited Anthology, Constructing Nature, by Richard Jenseth and Edward E. Lotto, published by Prentice Hall in New Jersey in 1997. It’s on pages 181-195
- Article titled “Cuddyer inks one-year deal with Twins,” from MLB.com web site. Published 2/15/2007, written by Kelly Thesier. The URL is: http://minnesota.twins.mlb.com/news/article.jsp?ymd=20070215&content_id=1803333&vkey=news_min&fext=.jsp&c_id=min
- An article from the Bay Times newspaper called “Making Peace with Coyote” found through the EBSCO Academic Search Premier. It was published in Volume 7, Issue 1, page 7.
(3) Make your works cited page with the following sources.
Book with one author:
Book Title To kill a mockingbird
Author Harper Lee
Publishing place New York
Article in a magazine:
Magazine title Canadian Living
Article title Top 10 Harvest Foods
Author Fran Berkoff
Date October 2007
One Selection from an Anthology:
Selection Title The pines
Author John Mcphee
Anthology Editors Kim Flachmann and Michael Flachmann
Title of Anthology The Prose Reader
Publishing place Upper saddle river, new jersey
Page range 63-68
Here is the Prezi on the genre conventions of an argumentative essay
|Week 10||3/30 M||Peer review workshop||Analysis FIRST draft due|
|4/1 W||Begin Argumentative Essay|
|Week 11||4/6 M|
|4/8 W||Feedback on the Analysis rough draft|
|Week 12||4/13 M||Analysis FINAL draft due|
|4/15 W||Use the Computer room|
|4/17 F||Peer review workshop||Argumentative Essay FIRST draft due|
|Week 13||4/20 M||Use the Computer room||Analysis FINAL draft due|
|Week 14||4/27 M||Conference||Argumentative Essay FINAL draft due|
|5/1 F||Conference||Argumentative Essay FINAL draft|
|Week 15||5/4 M||Peer review workshop||Present your Portfolio plans|
|5/8 F||Last Day of Class|
|5/11 M||Portfolio due; Blog Assignment ends|
Original Source: Sandra Steingraber, “Pesticides, Animals, and Humans,” p. 976.
In 1938, in a series of now-classic experiments, exposure to synthetic dyes derived from coal and belonging to a class of chemicals called aromatic amines was shown to cause bladder cancer in dogs. These results helped explain why bladder cancer had become so prevalent among dyestuffs workers. With the invention of mauve in 1854, synthetic dyes began replacing natural plant-based dyes in the coloring of cloth and leather. By the beginning of the twentieth century, bladder cancer rates among this group of workers had skyrocketed, and the dog experiments helped unravel this mystery
Unacceptable Paraphrase: Wording Too Close
Now-classic experiments in 1938 showed that when dogs were exposed to aromatic amines, chemicals used in synthetic dyes derived from coal, they developed bladder cancer. Similar cancers were prevalent among dyestuffs workers, and these experiments helped to explain why. Mauve, a synthetic dye, was invented in 1854, after which cloth and leather manufacturers, replaced most of the natural plant-based dyes with synthetic dyes. By the early twentieth century, this group of workers had skyrocketing rates of bladder cancer, a mystery the dog experiments helped to unravel (Steingraber 976)
Unacceptable Paraphrase: Sentence Structure Too Close
In 1938, several path-breaking experiments showed that being exposed to synthetic dyes that are made from coal and belong to a type of chemicals called aromatic amines caused dog to get bladder cancer. These results helped researchers identify why cancers of the bladder had become so common among textile workers who worked with dyes. With the development of mauve in 1854, synthetic dyes began to be used instead of dyes based on plants in the dyeing of leather and cloth. By the end of the nineteenth century, rates of bladder cancer among these workers had increased dramatically, and the experiments using dogs helped clear up this oddity (Steingraber 976).
What is your version?
Change not only word choices but also sentence structures. You can also add some parts which you think more important, or remove some parts which you think less important.
[my version] Sandra Steingraber’s “Pesticides, Animals, and Humans” can be a good reference to start this discussion. She notes that the correlation between bladder cancer and workers who have to use dye materials was revealed thanks to several experiments conducted in 1938. According to these experiments, the main cause of bladder cancer in dogs turned out to be “synthetic dyes”. Before these experiments were carried out, argues she, nobody was able to explain why more and more workers using dyestuffs were diagnosed with bladder cancer from the early twentieth century. However, the experiments help understand the increasing number of bladder cancer patients among textile workers based on the fact that “synthetic dyes” started to be widely used for dying cloth since mauve was invented in 1854 (976).
Verbs for Introducing Summaries and Quotations
(retrieved from They Say, I Say, chapter 2 & 3)
Making a claim
argue assert believe claim emphasize
insist observe remind us report suggest
acknowledge endorse admire celebrate the fact that agree
extol praise corroborate verify support
complain complicate contradict contend deny reject
refute reject question repudiate
advocate plead recommend demand warn urge
Encourage call for
Templates for introducing quotations
– X states, “ “.
– As the prominent philosopher X puts it, “ “.
– According to X, “ “.
– In her book, _______, X maintains that “ “.
– In X’s view, “ “.
– Writing in the journal Commentary, X complains that “ “.
– X agrees/disagrees when he writes, “ “.
– X complicates matters further when she writes, “ “.
Templates for explaining quotations
– X is warning that the proposed solution will only make the problem worse.
– In making this comment, X believes _________.
– In other words, X urges us to _________.
– X’s point is that _________.
– The essence of X’s argument is that ____________.